The german Hans Staden traveled twice to
(1547 and 1550) and reported in a book everything that happened during the
period. His book had great impact because of its illustrations, descriptions of
rituals antropophagics, animals, plants and exotic customs. For scholars, the
book contains information of interest to anthropological, sociological,
linguistic and cultural information about the life, customs and beliefs of the
natives of the Brazilian coast in the first half of the sixteenthcentury. Brazil
On his first trip to
was in Pernambuco state, while in the second Spanish expedition embarked on
Diego Sanabis, new Governor of Paraguay. However, his ship was wrecked on the
shores of Brazil Rio coast. By knowing how to deal
with guns, the portuguese striker destined Staden to
and was defending the fort that the tupinambás (enemies of the Lusitanian)
captured. Fort Bertioga
Staden was captured by an aborigine named Nhaepepô-açu ("Big Pot") and then was given a gift to another called Ipirú-guaçu ("Jaws great"). Once, carried him to the
dos Reis, to see one of his enemies have his head crushed by a ibirapema
(tacape executions). Shortly thereafter, saw the body being devoured by the
entire tribe, inebriated with liquor before killing roots. village
An excerpt of the document Staden when this first arrived in the
a prisoner of the Indians: village of Ubatuba
"[...] saw a small village of seven huts ... They called in Ubatuba. We went to an open beach to the sea. Very close working women in a culture of plant roots, which they called cassava. There were many who drew roots and had them screaming in their language "Aju n pee xé remiurama", ie: "I'm coming, your food ."... They left me with women. Some were in front of me, some behind, dancing and singing a song that, according to his usual sang to the prisoners that they intended to devour. [...] Inside the caiçara rushed in women all over me, punching, arrepelando me a beard, and said in his speech: "X is anama poepika ae! - "With this blow to avenge me by the man who killed your friends."
Staden did everything to convince his captors that he was not an apples (a Portuguese), but rather a mair (French), then ally with them. Achieved at least leave them in doubt. And finally, the tupinambás turned him into a pet that "Big Shark" led like a dog tied to all sides.
Staden arrived to address a boat anchored just offshore to seek asylum. The commander refused, not wanting to create enmity with the Indians. But finally got Staden, another time, a deck friend who took him back to
Staden attributed his survival to prayer, all the time, made with renewed
fervor. Anthropologists, however, are better off knowing the rituals of
cannibalism, reading Staden, reached another conclusion. Staden did not kill
him because it seemed a coward, whose flesh was unworthy of being eaten by a
brave tupinambá. It happened Staden who lived eight months among the Indians,
the firsthand accounts of the lives of indigenous peoples, with whom he shared
habits and customs. Staden, and banning any mention of his account to zoology
fantastic, he asked an acquaintance, Dryander, which ensures the accuracy of
its content. Historically, Staden was the first to leave in a book a work that
has known centuries and became the sources used in the ethnography of South America.
COSTA, Bianca Mandarino. Hans Staden. Pesquisa apresentada ao Curso de Graduação
Museologia. UNIRIO, 2006.
STANDEN, Hans. Duas Viagens ao Brasil. Editora Universidade de São Paulo, livraria Italiaia editora LTDA. 1974.
The Adventures of Hans Staden.
<http://educaterra.terra.com.br/voltaire/500br/hans_staden.htm> Access: 8
PAULI, Evaldo. "JOURNEY TO
Hans Staden - Overview" 1997. Available at:
8 October BRAZIL
Characters. Hans Staden. Ubaweb. Available at: <http://www.ubaweb.com/ubatuba/personagens/index_per_masc.php?pers=hstaden> Access: 8 October