Women in science
The field of study that deals with investigating the scientific and technological phenomena and their relationship with the social context is often called social studies of science. And assumes that "the economic, political and cultural influence on scientific and technological changes, and scientific and technological changes have consequences for society and its environment." (
, 2006) Santos
The notion of the construction of scientific knowledge as objective, neutral and universal interpretation gave rise to that science which is produced in a given place at a particular time is the result of a specific historical and social context. With this new approach to learning about the science and its values as the relationship between science and gender (women's participation in scientific activities). (SILVA, 1998, p.11)
For many years women were confined to "know that home was in reading and writing, some basic calculations necessary for the proper functioning of the family economy." (TOSI, 1998, p.379)
Despite this unfavorable scenario, many women have participated in the scientific or technical.
"These women, belonging to nobles or bourgeois classes, [which] had the chance to receive a good education, which allowed overcoming barriers and prohibitions. However, they were relegated to marginal status of assistants or, at best, of collaborating scientists known, often being ignored for posterity." (TOSI, 1998, p.380)
However, there are cases in which women have run through the barriers and gained international recognition. A well-known example is Marie Curie (1867-1934) who together with her husband Pierre Curie carried out research in physics and chemistry, with her husband winning the Nobel Prize in physics for his discovery of the field of radioactivity.
Later, Marie won a Nobel Prize in chemistry, this time alone, for his discovery of the chemical elements radium and polonium. Marie also became head of the Physics Laboratory at the Sorbonne with their professional undeniably recognized and valued.
SANTOS, Lucy Woellner dos; ICHIKAWA, Elisa Yoshie. Para iniciar o debate sobre o feminino na relação ciência e sociedade. p. 3-23. IAPAR. Londrina. 2006.
SILVA, Elisabeth Bortolaia. Des-construindo gênero em ciência e tecnologia. Caderno Pagu. (10). P.7-20. 1998. Campinas, São Paulo.
TOSI, Lúcia. Mulher e ciência - A Revolução científica, a caça às bruxas e a ciência moderna. In: Cadernos Pagu. (10) pp.369-397. 1998. Disponível em: <http://www.pagu.unicamp.br/files/cadpagu/Cad10/pagu10.14.pdf> Acesso: 23 abr. 2010.