segunda-feira, 27 de junho de 2016

Hans Staden

The german Hans Staden traveled twice to Brazil (1547 and 1550) and reported in a book everything that happened during the period. His book had great impact because of its illustrations, descriptions of rituals antropophagics, animals, plants and exotic customs. For scholars, the book contains information of interest to anthropological, sociological, linguistic and cultural information about the life, customs and beliefs of the natives of the Brazilian coast in the first half of the sixteenthcentury.

On his first trip to Brazil was in Pernambuco state, while in the second Spanish expedition embarked on Diego Sanabis, new Governor of Paraguay. However, his ship was wrecked on the shores of Rio coast. By knowing how to deal with guns, the portuguese striker destined Staden to Fort Bertioga and was defending the fort that the tupinambás (enemies of the Lusitanian) captured.

Staden was captured by an aborigine named Nhaepepô-açu ("Big Pot") and then was given a gift to another called Ipirú-guaçu ("Jaws great"). Once, carried him to the village of Tiquaripe near Angra dos Reis, to see one of his enemies have his head crushed by a ibirapema (tacape executions). Shortly thereafter, saw the body being devoured by the entire tribe, inebriated with liquor before killing roots.

An excerpt of the document Staden when this first arrived in the village of Ubatuba, a prisoner of the Indians:

"[...] saw a small village of seven huts ... They called in Ubatuba. We went to an open beach to the sea. Very close working women in a culture of plant roots, which they called cassava. There were many who drew roots and had them screaming in their language "Aju n pee xé remiurama", ie: "I'm coming, your food ."... They left me with women. Some were in front of me, some behind, dancing and singing a song that, according to his usual sang to the prisoners that they intended to devour. [...] Inside the caiçara rushed in women all over me, punching, arrepelando me a beard, and said in his speech: "X is anama poepika ae! - "With this blow to avenge me by the man who killed your friends."


Staden did everything to convince his captors that he was not an apples (a Portuguese), but rather a mair (French), then ally with them. Achieved at least leave them in doubt. And finally, the tupinambás turned him into a pet that "Big Shark" led like a dog tied to all sides.

Staden arrived to address a boat anchored just offshore to seek asylum. The commander refused, not wanting to create enmity with the Indians. But finally got Staden, another time, a deck friend who took him back to Europe. Staden attributed his survival to prayer, all the time, made with renewed fervor. Anthropologists, however, are better off knowing the rituals of cannibalism, reading Staden, reached another conclusion. Staden did not kill him because it seemed a coward, whose flesh was unworthy of being eaten by a brave tupinambá. It happened Staden who lived eight months among the Indians, the firsthand accounts of the lives of indigenous peoples, with whom he shared habits and customs. Staden, and banning any mention of his account to zoology fantastic, he asked an acquaintance, Dryander, which ensures the accuracy of its content. Historically, Staden was the first to leave in a book a work that has known centuries and became the sources used in the ethnography of South America.

References:

COSTA, Bianca Mandarino. Hans Staden. Pesquisa apresentada ao Curso de Graduação em Museologia. UNIRIO, 2006.

STANDEN, Hans. Duas Viagens ao Brasil. Editora Universidade de São Paulo, livraria Italiaia editora LTDA. 1974.

The Adventures of Hans Staden. Brazil. Available at: <http://educaterra.terra.com.br/voltaire/500br/hans_staden.htm> Access: 8 October

PAULI, Evaldo. "JOURNEY TO BRAZIL, Hans Staden - Overview" 1997. Available at: <http://www.cfh.ufsc.br/~simpozio/Catarinense/Fontes/STADEN.htm> Access: 8 October

Characters. Hans Staden. Ubaweb. Available at: <http://www.ubaweb.com/ubatuba/personagens/index_per_masc.php?pers=hstaden> Access: 8 October


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